Personal tools

    Word families (phonograms)

    From FreeReading

    Jump to: navigation, search

    Here is a list of rimes to use in word family activities. The original list from Wylie and Durrell (1970) identified 37 high-frequency English spelling patterns, or phonograms. We narrowed that list slightly by including only the irregular patterns, since students need more practice at these than regular rimes such as -at and -op.

    Rimes are listed in alphabetical order, though that is not the order they should be taught in. It is better to begin with rimes that are highly differentiated (such as -ack and -ore) so that students get the idea. Later, you can teach similar rimes in the same lesson (such as -ail and -ain) to ensure that students can detect small differences.

    1. -ack as in back.
    2. -ail as in snail.
    3. -ain as in rain.
    4. -ake as in cake.
    5. -ale as in whale.
    6. -ame as in game.
    7. -ank as in sank.
    8. -ash as in trash.
    9. -ate as in plate.
    10. -aw as in saw.
    11. -ay as in say.
    12. -eed as in seed.
    13. -ell as in bell.
    14. -est as in best.
    15. -ew as in few.
    16. -ide as in hide.
    17. -ick as in kick.
    18. -ight as in light.
    19. -ill as in fill.
    20. -ine as in nine.
    21. -ing as in sing.
    22. -ink as in wink.
    23. -ock as in clock.
    24. -oke as in joke.
    25. -ook as in book.
    26. -ore as in more.
    27. -uck as in duck.
    28. -ump as in jump.
    29. -unk as in skunk.

    For a more focused list of phonograms based on research into their frequency of occurrence and regularity, see Super Word Families.